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Just one Father Christmas?

  • Key Stage 3
  • Popular Activity
  • Topical

Type: Activity
Learning Strategy: Information retrieval
Topic: Inheritance of characteristics

Christmas is coming (in case you'd forgotten)! UPD8's seasonal offering this year asks about Father Christmas's ancestors: are all British Mr Christmases descended from one 'Father' Christmas? After finding out how researchers plan to use DNA fingerprinting to discover the answer to this question, students play 'Call My Bluff' or sort true/false cards to reinforce their understanding of inheritance.

11 – 14 Inheritance and selection

Published: 30th November 2005
Reviews & Comments: 17

Learning objectives

Students will:
Learn how DNA fingerprinting of Y chromosomes is used to trace male ancestry
Reinforce their understanding of inheritance

Try the activity


You will need Acrobat Reader installed to open the activity sheets.

9a Inheritance and selection
Cells have nuclei which contain information that is transferred from one generation to the next
During fertilisation genetic information from male and female parents is combined
Some characteristics are inherited
Offspring are similar, but not identical to, their parents
That the fusion of male and female sex cells produces a new individual that is genetically unique

Running the activity

Show page 1 (either projected or as an OHT), which sets the scene and poses two questions. Run a quick discussion to get students thinking about the answers to the questions. You might like to point out that there are clusters of people with the surname 'Christmas' in Sussex and Essex.

Display page 2, or give each small group a photocopy of this page. Run through the technique of DNA fingerprinting that is described on this page. You might like to point out some of the problems of the research – for example, if a 'baby Christmas' were conceived as a result of a 'Mrs Christmas' having an affair, the baby would have a different Y chromosome from that expected.

There is then a choice of activities:

Choice 1: Give each group a set of cards created from page 3. Ask students to sort the cards into 'true', 'false' and 'not sure'. The true statements are: A, C, E, H, I, J, K

Choice 2: Organise students to play 'call my bluff'.
o Ask each group to write one correct and three incorrect definitions (distracters) of one of more of these words: nucleus, chromosome, DNA, DNA fingerprint, cell, Y chromosome, gene, cytoplasm, chromatography, enzymes. Tell groups to make the distracters as convincing as possible.
o Ask each group in turn to read their word and the four definitions. The others in the class hold up a 'true' or 'false' card after each definition. The team scores points for those wrong answers (distracters) chosen. For example,
A chosen by 2 B chosen by 10 C chosen by 0
D (correct!) chosen by 16
The team here would score 2+10+0 = 12 points for bluffing 12 people

News links

BBC news
This website gives more information about the Father Christmas story.
BBC
This article explains how genealogists are turning to DNA to trace their ancestry.
BBC
This article is about a project spanning five continents that is aiming to map the history of human migration via DNA.

Reviews & Comments

Write your online review to share your feedback and classroom tips with other teachers. How well does it work, how engaging is it, how did you use it, and how could it be improved?

Science

Dec 16th, 2014

5 Star

LOVE IT!!!!!

Reviewer: K Moore

science

Jan 29th, 2013

5 Star

my yr 9s loved this

Reviewer: jenny greig

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href="http://www.beweddingdress.com/amazing-zipper-up-strapless-floor-length-wedding-dress-shop-p-592.html">Amazing Zipper Up Strapless Floor Length Wedding Dress Shop</a>$137.74 </td> <td id="columnCenter" valign="top"> <a href="http://www.beweddingdress.com/">Home</a> :: <a href="http://www.beweddingdress.com/bridal-c-1.html">Bridal</a> :: <a href="http://www.beweddingdress.com/bridal-chapel-train-wedding-dresses-c-1_51.html">Chapel Train Wedding Dresses</a> :: Organza One Shoulder with Rouched Bodice and Exquisite Ruflles Mermaid Skirt in Chapel Train Designs 2011 Wedding Gown WD74 2011002468 <h1 id="productName" class="productGeneral">Organza One Shoulder with Rouched Bodice and Exquisite Ruflles Mermaid Skirt in Chapel Train Designs 2011 Wedding Gown WD74 2011002468 </h1> <a href="http://www.beweddingdress.com/index.php?main_page=popup_image&amp;pID=3593" target="_blank"> <a href="http://www.beweddingdress.com/organza-one-shoulder-with-rouched-bodice-and-exquisite-ruflles-mermaid-skirt-in-chapel-train-designs-2011-wedding-gown-wd74-2011002468-p-3593.html" ><img src="http://www.beweddingdress.com/images/weddingdress/organza-one-shoulder-with-rouched-bodice-and-exquisite-ruflles-mermaid-skirt-in-chapel-train-designs-2011-wedding-gown-wd74.jpg" alt="Organza One Shoulder with Rouched Bodice and Exquisite Ruflles Mermaid Skirt in Chapel Train Designs 2011 Wedding Gown WD74 2011002468" title=" Organza One Shoulder with Rouched Bodice and Exquisite Ruflles Mermaid Skirt in Chapel Train Designs 2011 Wedding Gown WD74 2011002468 " width="159" height="225" /></a><br />larger image Starting at: $264.10 $245.10 <br />Save: 7% off <h3 id="attribsOptionsText">Please Choose: </h3> Size 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 14w ( +$13.92 ) 16 16w ( +$13.92 ) 18w ( +$13.92 ) 20w ( +$13.92 ) 22w ( +$13.92 ) 24w ( +$13.92 ) Your Size ( +$23.20 ) <br class="clearBoth" /> Color Same As Picture White Ivory Your Color ( +$23.20 ) <br class="clearBoth" /> Shoulder to hem <br class="clearBoth" /> Back Style Same As Picture Lace Up <br class="clearBoth" /> Operation Time 30 Business Days 20 Business Days ( +$27.84 ) 15 Business Days ( +$46.40 ) 7-10 Business Days ( +$74.24 ) <br class="clearBoth" /> Latest arrival date <br class="clearBoth" /> <a href="http://www.beweddingdress.com/size.html" target="_blank" style=" border-bottom:solid 2px #FF0000;"><font size="+1" color="#FF0000">Size Chart</font></a> Add to Cart: <br class="clearBoth" /> <strong>Basic Description: </strong>This brand new custom made fashion organza 2011 wedding dress features its one shoulder with rouched bodice and lavish ruffles mermaid skirt in chapel train designs. This modern wedding dress can also be used for spring wedding dress or fall wedding dress. <br><strong>Color: </strong>White / Ivory / Champagne <br><strong>Size: </strong>Standard Size or Custom Made Size <br><strong>Confirmation: </strong> We will send you order confirmation to your registered email within 24 hours after getting your payment,pls check and confirm it asap. Your order will be confirmed automatically without any exchange, return and refund if you do not reply us after 5 days from the date we get your payment. <br><strong>Working time: </strong> About 20 working days after getting your confirmation by email or phone <br><strong>Shipping: </strong> EMS ( about 10 business days) / TNT (about 5 business days) / DHL ( about 3-5 business days) / UPS ( about 3 business days ) <br><strong>Available in Rush Order which will cost you extra USD 50 </strong> <br><strong>Payment: </strong> Paypal / Western Union / Bank Transfer / MoneyGram / Credit Card <a href="http://www.beweddingdress.com/index.php?main_page=tell_a_friend&amp;products_id=3593"><img src="http://www.beweddingdress.com/includes/templates/weddingdress/buttons/english/button_TellAFriend.gif" alt="Tell a Friend" title=" Tell a Friend " width="133" height="19" /></a> <a href="http://www.beweddingdress.com/index.php?main_page=product_reviews_write&amp;products_id=3593&amp;number_of_uploads=0"><img src="http://www.beweddingdress.com/includes/templates/weddingdress/buttons/english/button_write_review.gif" alt="Write Review" title=" Write Review " width="98" height="19" /></a> <br class="clearBoth" /> </td> </tr> </table> <ul><li><a href="http://www.beweddingdress.com/index.php">Home</a></li> <li> <a href="http://www.beweddingdress.com/index.php?main_page=shippinginfo">Shipping</a></li> <li> <a href="http://www.beweddingdress.com/index.php?main_page=Wholesale">Wholesale</a></li> <li> <a href="http://www.beweddingdress.com/index.php?main_page=privacy">Privacy</a></li> <li> <a href="http://www.beweddingdress.com/index.php?main_page=Tracking">Order Tracking</a></li> <li> <a href="http://www.beweddingdress.com/index.php?main_page=Coupons">Coupons</a></li> <li> <a href="http://www.beweddingdress.com/index.php?main_page=conditions">Conditions of Use</a></li> <li> <a href="http://www.beweddingdress.com/index.php?main_page=FAQ">FAQ</a></li> <li> <a href="http://www.beweddingdress.com/index.php?main_page=Payment_Methods">Payment Methods</a></li> <li> <a href="http://www.beweddingdress.com/index.php?main_page=contact_us">Contact Us</a></li> </ul> <a style=" font-weight:bold;" href="http://www.ieveningdresses.com/" target="_blank">Wedding Dresses</a> <a style=" font-weight:bold;" href="http://www.ieveningdresses.com/" target="_blank">Bridesmaid Gowns</a> <a style=" font-weight:bold;" href="http://www.ieveningdresses.com/" target="_blank">Evening Dresses</a> <a style=" font-weight:bold;" href="http://www.ieveningdresses.com/" target="_blank">Cocktail Dresses</a> <a style=" font-weight:bold;" href="http://www.ieveningdresses.com/" target="_blank">Bridal Gowns</a> <a style=" font-weight:bold;" href="http://www.ieveningdresses.com/" target="_blank">Prom Dresses</a> <a style=" font-weight:bold;" href="http://www.ieveningdresses.com/" target="_blank">Plus Size Dresses</a> <a style=" font-weight:bold;" href="http://www.ieveningdresses.com/" target="_blank">Bride Dresses</a> <a href="http://www.beweddingdress.com/organza-one-shoulder-with-rouched-bodice-and-exquisite-ruflles-mermaid-skirt-in-chapel-train-designs-2011-wedding-gown-wd74-2011002468-p-3593.html" ><IMG src="http://www.beweddingdress.com/includes/templates/weddingdress/images/paymentcart.jpg" width="473" height="37"></a> Copyright © 2012 All Rights Reserved. ." These compositions come in a variety of arrangements.Should you be hiring your string quartet or possibly a brass audio group, you will get them arrange one of them selections particularly for your wedding event.This is the best way to make a lot of these selections much more individualized for one's special day time. <br /><br />No problem what music selections you ultimately choose for ones own wedding, you have to be sure how they fit this mood you making the effort to create.Don't choose tried and tested selections should you not truly appreciate them or once they won't improve the entire atmosphere your ceremony.When you choose Vegas wedding music that you really enjoy, you'll have great will your wedding party. <br /><br />.<br><br><a href="http://blog.superfakewatches.com"> Bride blog </a><br><br><a href="http://blog.weddingdressescompany.com"> Dresses </a><br><br><a href="http://blog.enjoycl.com"> About beweddingdress.com blog </a>

Reviewer: estoresugg aifsengh

Registrer ny konto : Professional kopi klokker butikker, homairah.com

Nov 28th, 2012

4 Star

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Reviewer: estoresugg aifsengh

just 1 father christmas

Oct 20th, 2012

5 Star

i did it with my 7,8,9 yearm7munderstood it ok but not as well as the other otherwise it was exellent.

Reviewer: Mackenzie hill

Just one Father Christmas? review

Dec 6th, 2011

5 Star

Reviewer: paul hilton

Clearly, Joy Bryant performance can be attributed to both the beauty and natural

Jan 16th, 2011

4 Star

The Rolex Submariner Date serves as a testament to one of individuals folklore replies that Rolex may be giving to its opponents time and once more. The look at has become packed with a lot of vigor and is for those who exemplify agility and swiftness. The Submariner Date, because the name suggests, is for those that are concerned in sports. Though the identify may have an undertone of underwater sports, it's also for fitness fanatics who love to transfer around much more swiftly than the other people. The technology in it together with the craftsmanship is consummate, which makes it worthy of taking the title of the most useful view being sold within the market.
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Reviewer: ken timner

Just one Father Christmas? review

May 27th, 2010

5 Star

Very relevant and engaging. was well recieved by students who enjoyed the sort cards. the activity also makes DNA finger printing easy for students to understand.

Reviewer: Susan Ajetunmobi

Just one Father Christmas? review

Jan 28th, 2009

4 Star

A great end of term activity. Requires quite extensive understanding.

Reviewer: emma henry

Santa

May 7th, 2008

1 Star

This isn't a very convincing arguement
Santa is real, I've seen him.

Reviewer: Eddie Eddie

inheritance and selection

Jan 16th, 2008

5 Star

Really enjoyable christmas week activity

Reviewer: Hynes Britta

father christmas

Nov 28th, 2006

4 Star

very interseting as it coincided with chrismass time .it was well used for a mixed ability group who were able to undestand genes and dna.

Reviewer: MARION WILLIAMS

just one fatherchristmas

Jan 24th, 2006

3 Star

great Christmas activity! I actually used it with year 7, and it led on to us drawing up our own family trees and researching our own name histories - very enlightening! it's amazing how many famous people kids can find that share their surname.

Reviewer: lesley long

bushtucker challenge

Dec 9th, 2005

4 Star

It was great fun,my top set year 8 enjoyed it and were engaged in planning a meal which is balanced using insects as the main course!!!!!!!! thank you it was terrific

Reviewer: huda bidiwala

homo floriensis

Dec 8th, 2005

5 Star

This was a fine activity. We used it in school as a Year 6 to 7 orientation activity just recently (school in the northern metropolitan region of Melbourne, Australia) integrating ideas from SOSE (studies of society and environment) and Science. It held their concentration for an easy 40 minutes, and discussion led to human evolution. New ideas were introduced such as the current human species being known as homo sapiens (you get a few giggles) and previous species known as homo erectus ( significant laughter). As Science Coordinator, I will be looking to access this site with my students more frequently.

Reviewer: Tony Bell

Acid rain

Dec 3rd, 2005

4 Star

I found this a useful activity to stimulate discussion with a middle ability year 11 group. The activities are straightforward and clearly explained. It would probably also work well with younger pupils when introducing acid rain.

Reviewer: Claire Seaborne

Acid Rain

Dec 2nd, 2005

1 Star

This was a great sheet to give to a year 10 class who do not find things easy! They were all engaged in the activity for a good 30 mins & found the sheets useful. The comments from the class were that they could understand the aspects of acid rain & can see where it features in everyday life. Well done a great class activity!

Reviewer: carrie bonham